Sciatica refers to pain related to the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve originates in the low back and then passes thru the buttocks down the back of the leg. Pain involving the sciatic nerve can be felt in the buttocks area, down the back of the leg or even in the foot. However, the sciatic nerve can also cause other symptoms of numbness, tingling, weakness, muscle cramping, burning or changes in reflexes of the lower extremity. There are several common causes of sciatic pain or other sciatic nerve related conditions:
- Piriformis Syndrome
- Degenerative Disc Disease
- Disc Herniation
Sciatica can be a minor nuisance or it can be a debilitating condition that takes over your life. Chiropractic treatment aims to take the pressure off the sciatic nerve with a series of hands on adjustments, tissue therapies, home exercises and lifestyle modifications. The rate you progress depends on many factors including the cause of the sciatic pain, the severity of the problem, how long its been there and the patients ability to follow recommendations.
This pain is different than pain in the SI joint which can also be felt in the buttocks area but may also be felt in the low back. There are two SI joints on either side of the sacrum where the sacrum and the ilium (or pelvis) join to meet and they can mimic sciatic pain when aggravated or out of alignment. Other conditions that can present like sciatica could be hip joint bursitis, pulled hamstring, and pain in the coccyx.
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